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Profiles

Steve  Chien's Picture
Address:
Jet Propulsion Laboratory
M/S 301-260
4800 Oak Grove Dr.
Pasadena, CA 91109
Phone:
818.393.5320
Fax:
818.393.5244
Email:

Steve Chien
Senior Research Scientist

Education
  • Ph.D., Computer Science, 1990, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign
  • MS, Computer Science, 1987, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign
  • BS, Computer Science, Highest Honors, minors in Economics and Mathematics, 1985, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign

  • Research Interests
    Autonomous Systems, Automated Planning & Scheduling, Operations Research, Logistics and Supply Chain Management, Machine Learning, Software Agents, Multi-agent Systems, Sensorwebs

    Professional Experience
  • Senior Research Scientist, Jet Propulsion Laboratory
  • Adjunct Faculty, Computer Science, University of Southern California
  • Chief Scientist, Virgin Charter, 2006-2009
  • Visiting Scholar, Computer Science, University of California at Los Angeles, 2001-2003

    PhD committee member or NASA GSRP advisor for PhD students at:
  • Carnegie Mellon University (3)
  • University of Southern California
  • Massachusetts Institute of Technology
  • Technical University - Berlin
  • University of Aberdeen

  • Selected Awards
    JPL Awards
  • 2011 Team Co-lead, Sensorweb, Honorable Mention, NASA Software of the Year
  • 2011 Intelligent Systems Award, American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics
  • 2008 Team member, Sensorweb 2.0, R&D 100 Award
  • 2006 NASA Exceptional Achievement Medal
  • 2005 Team Lead, Autonomous Sciencecraft, Co-winner, NASA Software of the Year
  • 2000 NASA Exceptional Service Medal
  • 1999 Team Lead, Automated Scheduling and Planning Environment, Honorable Mention, NASA Software of the Year
  • 1999 Team Member, Remote Agent Experiment, Co-winner, NASA Software of the Year
  • 1997 NASA Exceptional Achievement Medal
  • 1995 Lew Allen Award for Excellence
  • Over 100 NASA Technical awards

    Teaching Awards
  • Department of Computer Science, University of Southern California (Faculty Honor roll for teaching excellence Fall 2000)

  • Selected Publications
    Selected Journal Publications
    1. L. Mandrake, U. Rebbapragada, K. Wagstaff, D. Thompson, S. Chien, D. Tran, R. Pappalardo, D. Gleeson, R. Castano, “Surface Sulfur Detection via Remote Sensing and Onboard Classification,” ACM Transactions on Intelligent Systems Technology, Special Issue on AI in Space, Vol. 3 No. 4, 2012.
    2. D. Hayden, S. Chien, D. Thompson, R. Castano, “Using Clustering and Metric Learning to Improve Science Return of Remote Sensed Imagery,” ACM Transactions on Intelligent Systems Technology Special Issue on AI in Space, Vol. 3 No. 3, 2012.
    3. D. R. Thompson, M. Bunte, R. Castaño, S. Chien, R. Greeley, “Onboard Image Processing for Autonomous Spacecraft Detection of Volcanic Plumes,” Planetary and Space Science Journal 62 (2012) 153–159.
    4. G. Rabideau, S. Chien, D. Mclaren, “Tractable Goal Selection for Embedded Systems with Oversubscribed Resources,” Journal of Aerospace Computation Information and Communication, vol. 8, no. 5 2011, AIAA.
    5. O. Schofield, S. Glenn, J. Orcutt, M. Arrott, M. Messinger, A. Gangopahyay, W. Brown, R. Signell, M. Moline, Y. Chao, S. Chien, D. Thompson, A. Balasuriya P. Lermisuaux, M. Oliver, “Automated Sensor Networks to Advance Ocean Science, EOS – Transactions of the American Geophysical Union, V. 91 No. 39, September 2010, pp. 345-346.
    6. R. Huang, M. Xu, N. Peterson, W. Song, B. Shirazi, R. LaHusen, J. Pallister, D. Dzurisin, S. Moran, M. Lisowski, S. Kedar, S. Chien, F. Webb, A. Kiely, J. Doubleday, A. Davies, D. Pieri, “Optimized Autonomous Space In-situ Sensor-Web for Volcano Monitoring,” IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing, 2010.
    7. D. Hayden, S. Chien, D. Thompson, R. Castano, Using Onboard Clustering to Summarize Remotely Sensed Imagery, IEEE Intelligent Systems, Vol 25. No. 3, May/June 2010.
    8. D. F. Gleeson, R. Pappalardo, S. Grasby, M. Anderson, B. Beauchamp, R. Castano, S. Chien, T. Doggett, L. Mandrake, K. Wagstaff, “Characterization of a sulfur-rich Arctic spring site and field analog to Europa using hyperspectral data,” Remote Sensing of Environment (2010), doi:10.1016/j.rse.2010.01.011
    9. S. Chien, D. Silverman, A. Davies, D. Mandl, Onboard Science Processing Concepts for the HyspIRI Mission, IEEE Intelligent Systems, November/December 2009 (vol. 24 no. 6), pp. 12-19
    10. S. Chien, R. Knight, A. Stechert, R. Sherwood, G. Rabideau, “Integrated Planning and Execution for Autonomous Spacecraft,” IEEE Aerospace and Electronic Systems, January 2009, v. 24, No. 1, pp. 23-30.
    11. A. Davies, J. Calkins, L. Scharenbroich, R. Vaughan, R. Wright, P. Kyle, R. Castano, S. Chien, and D. Tran, “Multi-Instrument Remote and In Situ Observations of the Erebus Volcano (Antarctica) Lava Lake in 2005: a Comparison with the Pele Lava Lake on the Jovian Moon Io,” Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 2008.
    12. A. Castano, A. Fukunaga, J. Biesiadecki, L. Neakrase, P. Whelley, R. Greeley, M. Lemmon, R. Castano, S. Chien, “Automatic detection of dust devils and clouds at Mars,” Machine Vision and Applications, October 2008, vol. 19, No. 5-6, pp. 467-482.
    13. A. Barrett, G. Rabideau, T. Estlin, and S. Chien, “Coordinated Continual Planning Methods for Cooperating Rovers,” IEEE Aerospace and Electronic Systems, February 2007, v. 22, No. 2, pp. 27-33.
    14. S. Chien, R. Doyle, A. Davies, A. Jonsson, R. Lorenz,” The Future of AI in Space,” IEEE Intelligent Systems, July/August 2006, pp. 64-69.
    15. Davies, A. G., S. Chien, R. Wright, A. Miklius, P. R. Kyle, M. Welsh, J. B. Johnson, D. Tran, S. R. Schaffer and R. Sherwood, “Sensor Web Enables Rapid Response to Volcanic Activity,” EOS – Transactions of the American Geophysical Union, v. 87, no. 1, p1,5, January 2006.
    16. Davies, A. G., S. Chien, V. Baker, T. Doggett, J. Dohm, R. Greeley, F. Ip, R. Castano, B. Cichy, R. Lee, G. Rabideau, D. Tran and R. Sherwood (2005) Monitoring Active Volcanism with the Autonomous Sciencecraft Experiment (ASE). Remote Sensing of Environment, Vol. 101, Issue 4, pp. 427-446.
    17. Doggett, T., R. Greeley, A. G. Davies, S. Chien, B. Cichy, R. Castano, K. Williams, V. Baker, J. Dohm and F. Ip (2005) Autonomous On-Board Detection of Cryospheric Change. Remote Sensing of Environment, Vol. 101, Issue 4, pp. 447-462.
    18. Ip, F., J. M. Dohm, V. R. Baker, T. Doggett, A. G. Davies, R. Castano, S. Chien, B. Cichy, R. Greeley, and R. Sherwood (2005) Development and Testing of the Autonomous Spacecraft Experiment (ASE) floodwater classifiers: Real-time Smart Reconnaissance of Transient Flooding. Remote Sensing of Environment, Vol. 101, Issue 4, pp. 463-481.
    19. S. Chien, B. Cichy, A. Davies, D. Tran, G. Rabideau, R. Castano, R. Sherwood, D. Mandl, S. Frye, S. Shulman, J. Jones, S. Grosvenor, “An Autonomous Earth Observing Sensorweb,” IEEE Intelligent Systems, May-June 2005, pp. 16-24.
    20. Brakenridge, G. R., S. Nghiem, E. Anderson, and S. Chien, “Prospects for a Global Surface Water Observatory,” EOS – Transactions of the American Geophysical Union, v86 #19 May 2005.
    21. S. Chien, R. Sherwood, D. Tran, B. Cichy, G. Rabideau, R. Castano, A. Davies, D. Mandl, S. Frye, B. Trout, S. Shulman, D. Boyer, “Using Autonomy Flight Software to Improve Science Return on Earth Observing One, Journal of Aerospace Computing, Information, & Communication, April 2005, AIAA.
    22. R. Knight, G. Rabideau, S. Chien, B. Engelhardt, R. Sherwood, "CASPER: Space Exploration through Continuous Planning," IEEE Intelligent Systems, September/October 2001, pp. 70-75.
    23. T. Estlin, S. Chien, and X. Wang, Hierarchical Task Network and Operator-Based Planning: Two Complementary Approaches to Real-World Planning,' Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Artificial Intelligence, 13:379-395, 2001.
    24. S. Chien, T. Estlin, F. Fisher, G. Rabideau, "Lessons Learned Deploying Space Planning Systems," Applied Artificial Intelligence - An International Journal, Vol. 15, No. 2, pp. 161-187, February 2001, Taylor & Francis, Philadelphia, PA.
    25. T.Estlin, G.Rabideau, D.Mutz, S.Chien, “Using Continuous Planning Techniques to Coordinate Multiple Rovers, Electronic Transactions on Artificial Intelligence, Vol.4, 2000, available at www.etaij.org.
    26. S. Chien, F. Fisher, T. Estlin, "Automatic Software Module Reconfiguration Using Artificial Intelligence Planning Techniques," Institute of Electrical Engineers Proceedings on Software Engineering, October 2000, Vol. 147 Issue 5, pp. 186-192, IEE Press, London, UK.
    27. S. Chien, G. Rabideau, J. Willis, T. Mann, "Automating Planning and Scheduling of Shuttle Payload Operations," Artificial Intelligence Journal 114 (1999) 239-255.
    28. S. Chien, F. Fisher, E. Lo, H. Mortensen, R. Greeley, "Using Artificial Intelligence Planning to Automate Science Data Analysis for Large Image Databases," Intelligent Data Analysis Vol.3 (1999) 159-176.
    29. S. Chien, A. Stechert, and D. Mutz, "Efficient Heuristic Hypothesis Ranking," Journal of Artificial Intelligence Research Vol. 10 (1999), pp. 375-397.
    30. S. Chien, N. Muscettola, K. Rajan, B. Smith, G. Rabideau, “Automated Planning and Scheduling for Goal-based Autonomous Spacecraft,” IEEE Intelligent Systems, September/October 1998, pp. 50-55.
    31. R. Hill Jr., S. Chien, and K. Fayyad, “Goal-driven Automation of a Deep Space Communications Station: A Case Study in Knowledge Engineering for Plan Generation and Execution”, Expert Systems, Vol. 15, No. 3, August 1998, pp. 141-156, Blackwell Publishers.
    32. S. Chien, “Static and Completion Analysis for Knowledge Acquisition, Validation, and Maintenance of Planning Knowledge Bases,” International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, v. 48, no. 4, April 1998, pp. 499-519, Academic Press.
    33. B. Pell, D. Bernard, S. Chien, E. Gat, N. Muscettola, P. Nayak, M. Wagner, and B. Williams, “An Autonomous Spacecraft Agent Prototype,” Autonomous Robots 5 (1), March 1998, Kluwer Publishers.
    34. S. A. Chien and H. B. Mortensen, "Automating Image Processing for Scientific Data Analysis of a Large Image Database," IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence 18 (8): pp. 854-859, August 1996.
    35. J. M. Gratch and S. A. Chien, "Adaptive Problem-solving for Large Scale Scheduling Problems: A Case Study," Journal of Artificial Intelligence Research Vol. 4 (1996), pp. 365-396.
    36. S. A. Chien, J. M. Gratch, and M. C. Burl, "On the Efficient Allocation of Resources for Hypothesis Evaluation: A Statistical Approach," IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, 17 (7): pp. 652-665, July 1995.


    Volumes Edited
    1. S. Chien and J. Riedl, Special Issue on Artificial Intelligence Applications 2002, Artificial Intelligence Magazine, 23(4): Winter, 2002 (6 papers), AAAI Press, Menlo Park, CA.
    2. S. Chien and J. Riedl (eds.), Proceedings of the Fourteenth Innovative Applications of Artificial Intelligence Conference, Edmonton, Canada, July 2002 (18 papers), AAAI Press, Menlo Park, CA.
    3. S. Chien and H. Hirsh, Special Issue on Artificial Intelligence Applications 2001, Artificial Intelligence Magazine, 23(2) Summer 2002 (6 papers), AAAI Press, Menlo Park, CA.
    4. H. Hirsh and S. Chien (eds.), Proceedings of the Thirteenth Innovative Applications of Artificial Intelligence Conference, Seattle, WA, August 2001 (12 papers), AAAI Press, Menlo Park, CA.
    5. S. Chien, R. Kambhampati, and C. Knoblock (eds.), Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Artificial Intelligence Planning and Scheduling, Breckenridge, CO, April 2000 (45 papers), AAAI Press, Menlo Park, CA.
    6. N. Muscettola and S. Chien (eds.), Proceedings of the Second International Workshop on Planning and Scheduling for Space, San Francisco, CA, March 2000 (35 papers), NASA Ames Research Center.
    7. S. Chien and N. Muscettola (eds.), Working Notes of the First International Workshop on Planning and Scheduling for Space Exploration and Science, Oxnard, CA, October 1997, (55 papers), Jet Propulsion Laboratory.


    Publications in Books
    1. N. Peterson, L. Anusuya-Rangappa, B. A. Shirazi, W. Song, R. Huang, D. Tran, S. Chien, R. LaHusen, “Volcano Monitoring: A Case Study in Pervasive Computing,” Pervasive Computing: Innovations in Intelligent Multimedia and Applications, Book Chapter of "Computer Communications and Networks" Springer Publishers, 2008.
    2. R. Sherwood and S. Chien, “Enhancing Science and Automating Operations using Onboard Autonomy,” in Progress in Astronautics and Aeronautics Series, AIAA Press, 2007.
    3. R. Knight, G. Rabideau, S. Chien. "Board-laying Techniques Improve Local Search in Mixed Planning and Scheduling," in Local Search in Planning and Scheduling, Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence, Springer-Verlag, 2001.
    4. S. Chien, R. Knight, G. Rabideau, "An Empirical Evaluation of the effectiveness of local search for replanning," in Local Search in Planning and Scheduling, Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence, Springer-Verlag, 2001.
    5. B. Engelhardt, S. Chien, "Empirical Evaluation of Local Search Methods for Adapting Planning Policies in a Stochastic Environment," in Local Search in Planning and Scheduling, Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence, Springer-Verlag, 2001.
    6. S. Chien, F. Fisher, H. Mortensen, E. Lo, R. Greeley, A. Govindjee, T. Estlin, and X. Wang, “Using Artificial Intelligence Planning Techniques to Automatically Reconfigure Software Modules,” in Tasks and Methods in Applied Artificial Intelligence, Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence, vol. 1416, Angel Pasqual del Pobil, Jose Mira, and Moonis Ali (Eds.), Springer-Verlag, 1998, pp. 415-426.
    7. T. Estlin, S. Chien, and X. Wang, “An Argument for an Integrated Hierarchical Task Network and Operator-based Approach to Planning,” in Recent Advances in AI Planning, S. Steel and R. Alami (eds.), Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence, Springer—Verlag, 1997, pp. 182-194.
    8. X. Wang and S. Chien, “Replanning while using both Hierarchical Task Network and Operator-based Planning,” in Recent Advances in AI Planning, S. Steel and R. Alami (eds.), Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence, Springer—Verlag, 1997, pp. 427-439.
    9. S. A. Chien, “Intelligent Tools for Planning Knowledge Base Development and Verification," in Advances in Knowledge Acquisition, N. Shadbolt, K. O’hara, and G. Schreiber (eds.), Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1996, pp. 321-337.
    10. S. A. Chien and H. B. Mortensen, "The Multimission VICAR Planner: A Fielded Planning System for Scientific Data Analysis," in New Directions in AI Planning, M. Ghallab and A. Milani (ed.), IOS Press, Washington, DC, 1996, pp. 371-382.
    11. S. A. Chien, R. W. Hill Jr., X. Wang, T. Estlin, K. V. Fayyad, and H. B. Mortensen, "Why Real-world Planning is Difficult: A Tale of Two Applications," in New Directions in AI Planning, M. Ghallab and A. Milani (ed.), IOS Press, Washington, DC, 1996, pp. 287-298.
    12. S. A. Chien, "Recoverable Simplifications and the Intractable Domain Theory Problem," in Investigating Explanation-Based Learning, G. F. DeJong (ed.), Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston, MA, 1993, pp. 128-165.
    13. S. A. Chien, "NONMON: Learning with Recoverable Simplifications," in Investigating Explanation-Based Learning, G. F. DeJong (ed.), Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston, MA, 1993, pp. 410-423.
    14. S. A. Chien and D. A. Plaisted, "ILS: A Logic-Based Expert System Representation," in Artificial Intelligence and Its Applications, A. G. Cohn and J. R. Thomas (ed.), John Wiley & Sons, Sussex, England, 1986, pp. 23-33.

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