Anthony J. Mannucci

Dr. Anthony J. Mannucci is Supervisor of the Ionospheric and Atmospheric Remote Sensing Group at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, a Principal Member of the Technical Staff, and a Senior Research Scientist. His group focuses on scientific applications of Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) signals, such as the US GPS. Dr. Mannucci leads a group that produces atmospheric science data from NASA-developed GPS radio occultation receivers onboard the CHAMP, SAC-C, GRACE and COSMIC missions. He has served as a member of the NASA CLARREO mission science team. Dr. Mannucci manages development of the Global Assimilative Ionosphere Model jointly developed at the University of Southern California and JPL. He has played a major role in developing the Federal Aviation Administration’s GPS navigation system for aircraft (called WAAS) and is a charter member of the WAAS Integrity Performance Panel. He is lead author on a review article published in 1999 concerning the use of GPS receivers for ionospheric measurements, and holds patents pertaining to the design of differential GPS systems and using GPS data for remote sensing purposes. Dr. Mannucci has served on NASA’s Living With a Star Targeted Research and Technology Steering Committee in 2005-2008 and 2012-2015, and the NASA LWS Mission Operations Working Group in 2005-2008. He served as a member of the National Science Foundation’s CEDAR Science Steering Committee 2012-2014. He co-organized the 2007 Chapman Conference on Mid-Latitude Ionospheric Dynamics and Disturbances and is co-editor of the associated American Geophysical Union Monograph Volume 181.


Education: 
  • B.A. in Physics, with honors, Oberlin College, 1979.
  • Ph.D. in Physics, University of California, Berkeley, 1989.

Research Interests: 

Dr. Mannucci’s research interests include ionospheric responses to the prompt phase of large geomagnetic storms, solar wind-ionosphere coupling focused on solar coronal mass ejections and coronal holes, the response of the ionosphere to solar flares, fundamental physics of magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling and space weather forecasting. Dr. Mannucci’s atmospheric interests include climate observations using GNSS radio occultation data, high vertical resolution remote sensing of the troposphere and stratosphere, and water vapor in the boundary layer. Dr. Mannucci is currently developing a radio occultation climate record for NASA’s Earth System Data Records Uncertainty Analysis program. He is PI of a NASA Living With A Star research program to forecast space weather in the ionosphere and thermosphere. Dr. Mannucci co-developed the widely used Global Ionospheric Mapping technique for ionospheric total electron content (TEC), and is a co-developer of the rate-of-TEC-index (ROTI) to monitor ionospheric turbulence using GNSS receivers. He is currently developing remote sensing techniques that expand the capabilities of reflected GNSS signals for Earth System Science.


Professional Experience: 

Working at JPL since 1989 and Group Supervisor since 1999.


Selected Awards: 
  • 2 NASA Group Achievement Awards (1993, 2013)
  • 5 Space Act Awards (Standard Category 2004 & 2006, Major 2006 & 2013, Exceptional 2006
  • 2 NASA Inventions and Contributions Board Awards (2011 & 2012)
  • 5 Best Paper Awards (Institute of Navigation, 2000, 2002, 2003, 2004,Ionospheric Effects Symposium 2015)
  • 3 Patents (1995, 2007, 2013),
  • First place winner, NASA Langley's Henry J. E. Reid Award, for the paper entitled, "Achieving Climate Change Absolute Accuracy in Orbit" as co-author.

Selected Publications: 
  1. Ao, C. O., C. D. Edwards Jr., D. S. Kahan, X. Pi, S. W. Asmar, and A. J. Mannucci (2015), A first demonstration of mars crosslink occultation measurements, Radio Sci., 50, doi:10.1002/2015RS005750.
  2. Mannucci, A. J., B. T. Tsurutani, O. P. Verkhoglyadova, and X. Meng (2015), On scientific inference in geophysics and the use of numerical simulations for scientific investigations, Earth and Space Science, 2, 359–367, doi:10.1002/2015EA000108.
  3. Ao, Chi O., Jiang, Jonathan H., Mannucci, Anthony J., Su, Hui, Verkhoglyadova, Olga, Zhai, Chengxing, Cole, Jason, Donner, Leo, Iversen, Trond, Morcrette, Cyril, Rotstayn, Leon, Watanabe, Masahiro, Yukimoto, Seiji (2015), Evaluation of CMIP5 upper troposphere and lower stratosphere geopotential height with GPS radio occultation observations, Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 120(5), 1678-1689, 10.1002/2014jd022239.
  4. Mannucci, A. J., B. T. Tsurutani, O. Verkhoglyadova, A. Komjathy, and X. Pi (2015), Use of radio occultation to probe the high-latitude ionosphere, Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 8(7), 2789-2800, 10.5194/amt-8-2789-2015.
  5. Mannucci, A. J., et al. (2015), Medium-Range Thermosphere-Ionosphere Storm Forecasts, Space Weather, 13(3), 125-129, 10.1002/2014sw001125.
  6. Vergados, P., A. J. Mannucci, C. O. Ao, J. H. Jiang, and H. Su (2015), On the comparisons of tropical relative humidity in the lower and middle troposphere among COSMIC radio occultations and MERRA and ECMWF data sets, Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 8(4), 1789-1797, 10.5194/amt-8-1789-2015.
  7. Verkhoglyadova, O. P., A. J. Mannucci, B. T. Tsurutani, M. G. Mlynczak, L. A. Hunt, R. J. Redmon, and J. C. Green (2015), Localized thermosphere ionization events during the high-speed stream interval of 29 April to 5 May 2011, J. Geophys. Res-Space Phys., 120(1), 675-696, 10.1002/2014ja020535.
  8. Mannucci, A. J., Chi O. Ao, Lawrence E. Young, and Thomas K. Meehan (2014) Studying the Atmosphere Using Global Navigation Satellites, EOS Transactions of the AGU, 95 (43), pp. 389-391.
  9. A.J. Mannucci, G. Crowley, B.T. Tsurutani, O.P. Verkhoglyadova, A. Komjathy, P. Stephens (2014) “Interplanetary magnetic field By control of prompt total electron content increases during superstorms,” Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics 115-116, 7–16, 10.1016/j.jastp.2014.01.001.
  10. Vergados, P., Z. J. Luo, K. Emanuel, and A. J. Mannucci (2014), Observational tests of hurricane intensity estimations using GPS radio occultations, Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 119(4), 1936-1948, 10.1002/2013jd020934.
  11. Steiner, A. K., Hunt, D., Ho, S. P., Kirchengast, G., Mannucci, A. J., Scherllin-Pirscher, B., Gleisner, H., von Engeln, A., Schmidt, T., Ao, C., Leroy, S. S., Kursinski, E. R., Foelsche, U., Gorbunov, M., Heise, S., Kuo, Y. H., Lauritsen, B., Marquardt, C., Rocken, C., Schreiner, W., Sokolovskiy, S., Syndergaard, S., Wickert, J. (2013), Quantification of structural uncertainty in climate data records from GPS radio occultation, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 13(3), 1469-1484, 10.5194/acp-13-1469-2013.
  12. Shume, E. B., and A. J. Mannucci (2013), First calculation of phase and coherence of longitudinally separated L-band equatorial ionospheric scintillation, Geophysical Research Letters, 40(14), 3496-3501, 10.1002/grl.50702.
  13. Immel, T. J., and A. J. Mannucci (2013), Ionospheric redistribution during geomagnetic storms, J. Geophys. Res-Space Phys., 118(12), 7928-7939, 10.1002/2013ja018919.
  14. Mannucci, A.J., B. T. Tsurutani, S. C. Solomon, O. P. Verkhoglyadova, J. P. Thayer (2012), “How do coronal hole storms affect the upper atmosphere?” EOS Transactions of the American Geophysical Union, 93 (8) pp. 77-79.
  15. Xie, F., D. L. Wu, C. O. Ao, A. J. Mannucci, and E. R. Kursinski (2012), Advances and limitations of atmospheric boundary layer observations with GPS occultation over southeast Pacific Ocean, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 12(2), 903-918, 10.5194/acp-12-903-2012.
  16. Tian, B., C. O. Ao, D. E. Waliser, E. J. Fetzer, A. J. Mannucci, and J. Teixeira (2012), Intraseasonal temperature variability in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere from the GPS radio occultation measurements, Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 117, D15110, 10.1029/2012jd017715.
  17. Ao, C. O., A. J. Mannucci, and E. R. Kursinski (2012), Improving GPS Radio occultation stratospheric refractivity retrievals for climate benchmarking, Geophysical Research Letters, 39, L12701, 10.1029/2012gl051720.
  18. Mannucci, A. J., C. O. Ao, X. Pi, and B. A. Iijima (2011), The impact of large scale ionospheric structure on radio occultation retrievals, Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 4(12), 2837-2850, 10.5194/amt-4-2837-2011.
  19. Pi, X., A. J. Mannucci, B. A. Iijima, B. D. Wilson, A. Komjathy, T. F. Runge, and V. Akopian (2009), Assimilative Modeling of Ionospheric Disturbances with FORMOSAT-3/COSMIC and Ground-Based GPS Measurements, Terrestrial Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, 20(1), 273-285, 10.3319/tao.2008.01.04.01(f3c).
  20. Mannucci, A. J., B. T. Tsurutani, M. C. Kelley, B. A. Iijima, and A. Komjathy (2009), Local time dependence of the prompt ionospheric response for the 7, 9, and 10 November 2004 superstorms, J. Geophys. Res-Space Phys., 114, A10308, 10.1029/2009ja014043.
  21. 21.  Paul M. Kintner Jr., Anthea J. Coster, Tim Fuller-Rowell, Anthony J. Mannucci, Michael Mendillo, Roderick Heelis, Preface to Midlatitude Ionospheric Dynamics and Disturbances, Editors, AGU Geophysical Monograph Series, Volume 181, 327 pp., hardbound, 2008, ISBN 978-0-87590-446-7, AGU Code GM1814467.
  22. Mannucci, A. J., B. T. Tsurutani, M. A. Abdu, W. D. Gonzalez, A. Komjathy, E. Echer, B. A. Iijima, G. Crowley, and D. Anderson (2008), Superposed epoch analysis of the dayside ionospheric response to four intense geomagnetic storms, J. Geophys. Res-Space Phys., 113, A00a02, 10.1029/2007ja012732.
  23. Mannucci, A. J., B. T. Tsurutani, B. A. Iijima, A. Komjathy, A. Saito, W. D. Gonzalez, F. L. Guarnieri, J. U. Kozyra, and R. Skoug (2005), Dayside global ionospheric response to the major interplanetary events of October 29-30, 2003 "Halloween storms", Geophysical Research Letters, 32(12), L12s02, 10.1029/2004gl021467.
  24. Hajj, G. A., C. O. Ao, B. A. Iijima, D. Kuang, E. R. Kursinski, A. J. Mannucci, T. K. Meehan, L. J. Romans, M. D. Juarez, and T. P. Yunck (2004), CHAMP and SAC-C atmospheric occultation results and intercomparisons, Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 109(D6), D06109, 10.1029/2003jd003909. Ed Stone Award winner.
  25. Ao, C. O., T. K. Meehan, G. A. Hajj, A. J. Mannucci, and G. Beyerle (2003), Lower troposphere refractivity bias in GPS occultation retrievals, Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 108(D18), 4577, 10.1029/2002jd003216.
  26. Mannucci, A. J., B. Iijima, L. Sparks, X. Q. Pi, B. Wilson, and U. Lindqwister (1999), Assessment of global TEC mapping using a three-dimensional electron density model, Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 61(16), 1227-1236, 10.1016/s1364-6826(99)00053-x.
  27. Mannucci, A. J. et al., (1999), “GPS And Ionosphere”, W. Ross Stone (Editor), Review Of Radio Science (1996-1999), Wiley-IEEE Press, New York, ISBN: 978-0-7803-6003-7.
  28. Mannucci, A. J., B. D. Wilson, D. N. Yuan, C. H. Ho, U. J. Lindqwister, and T. F. Runge (1998), A global mapping technique for GPS-derived ionospheric total electron content measurements, Radio Science, 33(3), 565-582, 10.1029/97rs02707.
  29. Pi, X., A. J. Mannucci, U. J. Lindqwister, and C. M. Ho (1997), Monitoring of global ionospheric irregularities using the worldwide GPS network, Geophysical Research Letters, 24(18), 2283-2286, 10.1029/97gl02273.
Anthony J. Mannucci
Address: 
4800 Oak Grove Dr.
Pasadena, CA 91109
Phone: 818.354.1699
Fax Number: 818.393.5115