Anthony J. Mannucci

Dr. Anthony J. Mannucci is Deputy Manager of the Tracking System and Applications Section (335) at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, a Principal Member of the Technical Staff, and a Senior Research Scientist. His Section provides world-leading capability and expertise in a wide range of technologies that are critical to spacecraft tracking and related applications. Dr. Mannucci’s scientific interests are focused on scientific applications of Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) signals, such as the US GPS. He has been closely involved with the Section’s atmospheric science data production from NASA-developed GPS radio occultation receivers onboard the CHAMP, SAC-C, GRACE,  GRACE-Follow On, COSMIC and COSMIC-2 missions. He has served as a member of the NASA CLARREO mission science team. He has played a major role in developing the Federal Aviation Administration’s GPS navigation system for aircraft (called WAAS) and is a charter member of the WAAS Integrity Performance Panel. He is lead author on a review article published in 1999 concerning the use of GPS receivers for ionospheric measurements, and holds patents pertaining to the design of differential GPS systems and using GPS data for remote sensing purposes. Dr. Mannucci has served on NASA’s Living With a Star Targeted Research and Technology Steering Committee in 2005-2008 and 2012-2015, and the NASA LWS Mission Operations Working Group in 2005-2008. He served as a member of the National Science Foundation’s CEDAR Science Steering Committee 2012-2014. He co-organized the 2007 Chapman Conference on Mid-Latitude Ionospheric Dynamics and Disturbances and is co-editor of the associated American Geophysical Union Monograph Volume 181. He currently serves as Associate Editor for the IEEE journal Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing.

  • B.A. in Physics, with honors, Oberlin College, 1979.
  • Ph.D. in Physics, University of California, Berkeley, 1989.

Research Interests: 

Dr. Mannucci’s research interests include ionospheric responses to the prompt phase of large geomagnetic storms, solar wind-ionosphere coupling focused on solar coronal mass ejections and coronal holes, the response of the ionosphere to solar flares, fundamental physics of magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling and space weather forecasting. Dr. Mannucci’s atmospheric science interests include climate observations using GNSS radio occultation data, radio occultation techniques for atmospheric sounding, and water vapor in the boundary layer. He served as PI of a NASA Living With A Star research program to forecast space weather in the ionosphere and thermosphere. Dr. Mannucci co-developed the widely used Global Ionospheric Mapping technique for ionospheric total electron content (TEC), and is a co-developer of the rate-of-TEC-index (ROTI) to monitor ionospheric turbulence using GNSS receivers. Dr. Mannucci managed development of the Global Assimilative Ionosphere Model that was jointly developed at the University of Southern California and JPL.

Professional Experience: 

Working at JPL since 1989, Group Supervisor since 1999, and Deputy Section Manager since 2018.

Selected Awards: 
  • 3 NASA Group Achievement Awards (1993, 2013, 2018)
  • 5 Space Act Awards (Standard Category 2004 & 2006, Major 2006 & 2013, Exceptional 2006)
  • 2 NASA Inventions and Contributions Board Awards (2011 & 2012)
  • 5 Best Paper Awards (Institute of Navigation, 2000, 2002, 2003, 2004, Ionospheric Effects Symposium 2015)
  • 3 Patents (1995, 2007, 2013)
  • First place winner, NASA Langley's Henry J. E. Reid Award, for the paper entitled, "Achieving Climate Change Absolute Accuracy in Orbit" as co-author.

Selected Publications: 
  1. Guarnieri FL, Tsurutani BT, Vieira LEA, Rajkumar Hajra, Ezequiel Echer, Anthony J. Mannucci, and Walter D. Gonzalez (2018) A correlation study regarding the AE index and ACE solar wind data for Alfvénic intervals using wavelet decomposition and reconstruction. Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics 25(1):67-76. doi:10.5194/npg-25-67-2018.
  2. Tsurutani BT, Lakhina GS, Echer E, Hajra R, Chinmaya N, Mannucci, AJ Mannucci and Meng X (2018) Comment on “Modeling extreme ‘Carrington-type’ space weather events using three-dimensional global MHD simulations” by C.M. Ngwira, A. Pulkkinen, M.M. Kuznetsova and A. Glocer.” J Geophys Res Space Physics., doi:10.1002/2017JA024779.
  3. Mannucci AJ, Verkhoglyadova OP, Meng X, McGranaghan R. (2018) On the role of neutral flow in field-aligned currents. Annales Geophysicae. 36(1):53-57, doi:10.5194/angeo-36-53-2018.
  4. Seif A, Liu J-Y, Mannucci AJ, Brett A. Carter, Robert Norman, Ronald G. Caton and Roland T. Tsunoda (2017) A Study of Daytime L-Band Scintillation in Association With Sporadic E Along the Magnetic Dip Equator. Radio Sci. 70(4):360-368. doi:10.1002/2017RS006393.
  5. McGranaghan RM, Bhatt A, Matsuo T, Mannucci AJ, Semeter JL, Datta-Barua S. (2017) Ushering in a New Frontier in Geospace Through Data Science. J Geophys Res Space Physics. 323(5919):1297. doi:10.1002/2017JA024835.
  6. McGranaghan RM, Mannucci AJ, Forsyth C. (2017) A Comprehensive Analysis of Multiscale Field‐Aligned Currents: Characteristics, Controlling Parameters, and Relationships. J Geophys Res Space Physics. 27(24):4045. doi:10.1002/2017JA024742.
  7. Mannucci AJ, Tsurutani BT (2017) Ionosphere and Thermosphere Responses to Extreme Geomagnetic Storms. In: Buzulukova N, ed. Extreme Events in Geospace: Origins, Predictability and Consequences. 1st ed. Elsevier; 2017:493-511. doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-812700-1.00020-0.
  8. McDonald SE, Sassi F, Tate J, McCormack, J Kuhl, DD Drob, DP, Metzler, C, Mannucci, AJ (2017) Impact of non-migrating tides on the low latitude ionosphere during a sudden stratospheric warming event in January 2010. Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics. September 2017:1-13. doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2017.09.012.
  9. Verkhoglyadova OP, Meng X, Mannucci AJ, Mlynczak MG, Hunt LA, Lu G. (2017) Ionosphere-thermosphere energy budgets for the ICME storms of March 2013 and 2015 estimated with GITM and observational proxies. Space Weather, 27(14):425–23. doi:10.1002/2017SW001650.
  10. McGranaghan RM, Mannucci AJ, Verkhoglyadova O, Malik N. (2017) Finding multiscale connectivity in our geospace observational system: Network analysis of total electron content. J Geophys Res Space Physics, 74(47):175–15. doi:10.1002/2017JA024202.
  11. Savastano G, Komjathy A, Verkhoglyadova O, Augusto Mazzoni, Mattia Crespi, Yong Wei and A.  J. Mannucci (2017) Real-Time Detection of Tsunami Ionospheric Disturbances with a Stand-Alone GNSS Receiver: A Preliminary Feasibility Demonstration. April 2017:1-10. doi:10.1038/srep46607.
  12. Emmert, J. T., A. J. Mannucci, S. E. McDonald, and P. Vergados (2017), Attribution of interminimum changes in global and hemispheric total electron content, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 54(3), 295–16, doi:10.1002/2016JA023680.
  13. Durgonics, T., A. Komjathy, O. Verkhoglyadova, E. B. Shume, H.-H. Benzon, A. J. Mannucci, M. D. Butala, P. Høeg, and R. B. Langley (2017), Multiinstrument observations of a geomagnetic storm and its effects on the Arctic ionosphere: A case study of the 19 February 2014 storm, Radio Sci., 52(1), 146–165, doi:10.1002/2016rs006106. A 10 most downloaded paper in 2017.
  14. Nghiem, S. V., C. Zuffada, R. Shah, C. Chew, S. T. Lowe, A. J. Mannucci, E. Cardellach, G. R. Brakenridge, G. Geller, and A. Rosenqvist (2017), Wetland monitoring with Global Navigation Satellite System reflectometry, Earth and Space Science, 4(1), 16–39, doi:10.1002/2016EA000194. A 10 most downloaded paper in 2017.
  15. Yang, Y.-M., O. Verkhoglyadova, M. G. Mlynczak, A. J. Mannucci, X. Meng, R. B. Langley, and L. A. Hunt (2017), Satellite-based observations of tsunami-induced mesosphere airglow perturbations, Geophysical Research Letters, 44(1), 522–532, doi:10.1002/2016GL070764.
  16. Vergados, P., A. J. Mannucci, C. O. Ao, and E. J. Fetzer (2016), Using GPS radio occultations to infer the water vapor feedback, Geophysical Research Letters, 43(22), 11,841–11,851, doi:10.1002/2016GL071017.
  17. Mannucci, A. J., M. E. Hagan, A. Vourlidas, C. Y. Huang, O. P. Verkhoglyadova, and Y. Deng (2016), Scientific challenges in thermosphere-ionosphere forecasting – conclusions from the October 2014 NASA JPL community workshop, J. Space Weather Space Clim., 6, E01–10, doi:10.1051/swsc/2016030.
  18. B. T. Tsurutani, R. Hajra, T. Tanimori, A. Takada, R. Bhanu, A. J. Mannucci, G. S. Lakhina, J. U. Kozyra, K. Shiokawa, L. C. Lee, E. Echer, R. V. Reddy, and W. D. Gonzalez (2016), Heliospheric plasma sheet (HPS) impingement onto the magnetosphere as a cause of relativistic electron dropouts (REDs) via coherent EMIC wave scattering with possible consequences for climate change mechanisms, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, doi:10.1002/2016JA022499.
  19. Verkhoglyadova, O. P., B. T. Tsurutani, A. J. Mannucci, M. G. Mlynczak, L. A. Hunt, L. J. Paxton, and A. Komjathy (2016), Solar wind driving of ionosphere‐thermosphere responses in three storms near St. Patrick's Day in 2012, 2013, and 2015, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, doi:10.1002/2016JA022883.
  20. Komjathy, A., Y.-M. Yang, X. Meng, O. Verkhoglyadova, A. J. Mannucci, and R. B. Langley (2016), Review and perspectives: Understanding natural‐hazards‐generated ionospheric perturbations using GPS measurements and coupled modeling, Radio Sci., 51(7), 951–961, doi:10.1002/2015RS005910. A 10 most downloaded paper in 2017.
  21. Vergados, P., A. Komjathy, T. F. Runge, M. D. Butala, and A. J. Mannucci (2016), Characterization of the impact of GLONASS observables on receiver bias estimation for ionospheric studies, Radio Sci., 51(7), 1010–1021, doi:10.1002/2015RS005831.
  22. R. W. Schunk, L. Scherliess, V. Eccles, L. C. Gardner, J. J. Sojka, L. Zhu, X. Pi, A. J. Mannucci, M. Butala, B. D. Wilson, A. Komjathy, C. Wang, and G. Rosen (2016), Space weather forecasting with a Multimodel Ensemble Prediction System (MEPS), Radio Sci., 51(7), 1157–1165, doi:10.1002/2015RS005888.
  23. Verkhoglyadova, O., X. Meng, A. J. Mannucci, B. T. Tsurutani, L. A. Hunt, M. G. Mlynczak, R. Hajra, and B. A. Emery (2016), Estimation of energy budget of ionosphere-thermosphere system during two CIR-HSS events: observations and modeling, J. Space Weather Space Clim., 6, A20–22, doi:10.1051/swsc/2016013.
  24. Chew, C., R. Shah, C. Zuffada, G. Hajj, D. Masters, and A. J. Mannucci (2016), Demonstrating soil moisture remote sensing with observations from the UK TechDemoSat-1 satellite mission, Geophysical Research Letters, 43(7), 3317–3324, doi:10.1002/2016GL068189.
  25. Wang, C., I. G. Rosen, B. T. Tsurutani, O. P. Verkhoglyadova, X. Meng, and A. J. Mannucci (2016), Statistical characterization of ionosphere anomalies and their relationship to space weather events, J. Space Weather Space Clim., 6, A5–16, doi:10.1051/swsc/2015046.
  26. Meng, X., A. J. Mannucci, O. P. Verkhoglyadova, and B. T. Tsurutani (2016), On forecasting ionospheric total electron content responses to high-speed solar wind streams, J. Space Weather Space Clim., 6, A19–11, doi:10.1051/swsc/2016014.
  27. Ao, C. O., C. D. Edwards Jr., D. S. Kahan, X. Pi, S. W. Asmar, and A. J. Mannucci (2015), A first demonstration of mars crosslink occultation measurements, Radio Sci., 50, doi:10.1002/2015RS005750.
  28. Mannucci, A. J., B. T. Tsurutani, O. P. Verkhoglyadova, and X. Meng (2015), On scientific inference in geophysics and the use of numerical simulations for scientific investigations, Earth and Space Science, 2, 359–367, doi:10.1002/2015EA000108.
  29. Ao, Chi O., Jiang, Jonathan H., Mannucci, Anthony J., Su, Hui, Verkhoglyadova, Olga, Zhai, Chengxing, Cole, Jason, Donner, Leo, Iversen, Trond, Morcrette, Cyril, Rotstayn, Leon, Watanabe, Masahiro, Yukimoto, Seiji (2015), Evaluation of CMIP5 upper troposphere and lower stratosphere geopotential height with GPS radio occultation observations, Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 120(5), 1678-1689, 10.1002/2014jd022239.
  30. Mannucci, A. J., B. T. Tsurutani, O. Verkhoglyadova, A. Komjathy, and X. Pi (2015), Use of radio occultation to probe the high-latitude ionosphere, Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 8(7), 2789-2800, 10.5194/amt-8-2789-2015. 
  31. Mannucci, A. J., et al. (2015), Medium-Range Thermosphere-Ionosphere Storm Forecasts, Space Weather, 13(3), 125-129, 10.1002/2014sw001125.
  32. Vergados, P., A. J. Mannucci, C. O. Ao, J. H. Jiang, and H. Su (2015), On the comparisons of tropical relative humidity in the lower and middle troposphere among COSMIC radio occultations and MERRA and ECMWF data sets, Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 8(4), 1789-1797, 10.5194/amt-8-1789-2015.
  33. Verkhoglyadova, O. P., A. J. Mannucci, B. T. Tsurutani, M. G. Mlynczak, L. A. Hunt, R. J. Redmon, and J. C. Green (2015), Localized thermosphere ionization events during the high-speed stream interval of 29 April to 5 May 2011, J. Geophys. Res-Space Phys., 120(1), 675-696, 10.1002/2014ja020535.
  34. Mannucci, A. J., Chi O. Ao, Lawrence E. Young, and Thomas K. Meehan (2014) Studying the Atmosphere Using Global Navigation Satellites, EOS Transactions of the AGU, 95 (43), pp. 389-391.
  35. A.J. Mannucci, G. Crowley, B.T. Tsurutani, O.P. Verkhoglyadova, A. Komjathy, P. Stephens (2014) “Interplanetary magnetic field By control of prompt total electron content increases during superstorms,” Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics 115-116, 7–16, 10.1016/j.jastp.2014.01.001.
  36. Vergados, P., Z. J. Luo, K. Emanuel, and A. J. Mannucci (2014), Observational tests of hurricane intensity estimations using GPS radio occultations, Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 119(4), 1936-1948, 10.1002/2013jd020934.
  37. Steiner, A. K., Hunt, D., Ho, S. P., Kirchengast, G., Mannucci, A. J., Scherllin-Pirscher, B., Gleisner, H., von Engeln, A., Schmidt, T., Ao, C., Leroy, S. S., Kursinski, E. R., Foelsche, U., Gorbunov, M., Heise, S., Kuo, Y. H., Lauritsen, B., Marquardt, C., Rocken, C., Schreiner, W., Sokolovskiy, S., Syndergaard, S., Wickert, J. (2013), Quantification of structural uncertainty in climate data records from GPS radio occultation, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 13(3), 1469-1484, 10.5194/acp-13-1469-2013.
  38. Shume, E. B., and A. J. Mannucci (2013), First calculation of phase and coherence of longitudinally separated L-band equatorial ionospheric scintillation, Geophysical Research Letters, 40(14), 3496-3501, 10.1002/grl.50702.
  39. Immel, T. J., and A. J. Mannucci (2013), Ionospheric redistribution during geomagnetic storms, J. Geophys. Res-Space Phys., 118(12), 7928-7939, 10.1002/2013ja018919.
  40. Mannucci, A.J., B. T. Tsurutani, S. C. Solomon, O. P. Verkhoglyadova, J. P. Thayer (2012), “How do coronal hole storms affect the upper atmosphere?” EOS Transactions of the American Geophysical Union, 93 (8) pp. 77-79.
  41. Xie, F., D. L. Wu, C. O. Ao, A. J. Mannucci, and E. R. Kursinski (2012), Advances and limitations of atmospheric boundary layer observations with GPS occultation over southeast Pacific Ocean, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 12(2), 903-918, 10.5194/acp-12-903-2012.
  42. Tian, B., C. O. Ao, D. E. Waliser, E. J. Fetzer, A. J. Mannucci, and J. Teixeira (2012), Intraseasonal temperature variability in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere from the GPS radio occultation measurements, Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 117, D15110, 10.1029/2012jd017715.
  43. Ao, C. O., A. J. Mannucci, and E. R. Kursinski (2012), Improving GPS Radio occultation stratospheric refractivity retrievals for climate benchmarking, Geophysical Research Letters, 39, L12701, 10.1029/2012gl051720.
  44. Mannucci, A. J., C. O. Ao, X. Pi, and B. A. Iijima (2011), The impact of large scale ionospheric structure on radio occultation retrievals, Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 4(12), 2837-2850, 10.5194/amt-4-2837-2011.
  45. Pi, X., A. J. Mannucci, B. A. Iijima, B. D. Wilson, A. Komjathy, T. F. Runge, and V. Akopian (2009), Assimilative Modeling of Ionospheric Disturbances with FORMOSAT-3/COSMIC and Ground-Based GPS Measurements, Terrestrial Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, 20(1), 273-285, 10.3319/tao.2008.01.04.01(f3c).
  46. Mannucci, A. J., B. T. Tsurutani, M. C. Kelley, B. A. Iijima, and A. Komjathy (2009), Local time dependence of the prompt ionospheric response for the 7, 9, and 10 November 2004 superstorms, J. Geophys. Res-Space Phys., 114, A10308, 10.1029/2009ja014043.
  47. Paul M. Kintner Jr., Anthea J. Coster, Tim Fuller-Rowell, Anthony J. Mannucci, Michael Mendillo, Roderick Heelis, Preface to Midlatitude Ionospheric Dynamics and Disturbances, Editors, AGU Geophysical Monograph Series, Volume 181, 327 pp., hardbound, 2008, ISBN 978-0-87590-446-7, AGU Code GM1814467.
  48. Mannucci, A. J., B. T. Tsurutani, M. A. Abdu, W. D. Gonzalez, A. Komjathy, E. Echer, B. A. Iijima, G. Crowley, and D. Anderson (2008), Superposed epoch analysis of the dayside ionospheric response to four intense geomagnetic storms, J. Geophys. Res-Space Phys., 113, A00a02, 10.1029/2007ja012732.
  49. Mannucci, A. J., B. T. Tsurutani, B. A. Iijima, A. Komjathy, A. Saito, W. D. Gonzalez, F. L. Guarnieri, J. U. Kozyra, and R. Skoug (2005), Dayside global ionospheric response to the major interplanetary events of October 29-30, 2003 "Halloween storms", Geophysical Research Letters, 32(12), L12s02, 10.1029/2004gl021467.
  50. Hajj, G. A., C. O. Ao, B. A. Iijima, D. Kuang, E. R. Kursinski, A. J. Mannucci, T. K. Meehan, L. J. Romans, M. D. Juarez, and T. P. Yunck (2004), CHAMP and SAC-C atmospheric occultation results and intercomparisons, Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 109(D6), D06109, 10.1029/2003jd003909. Ed Stone Award winner.
  51. Ao, C. O., T. K. Meehan, G. A. Hajj, A. J. Mannucci, and G. Beyerle (2003), Lower troposphere refractivity bias in GPS occultation retrievals, Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 108(D18), 4577, 10.1029/2002jd003216.
  52. Mannucci, A. J., B. Iijima, L. Sparks, X. Q. Pi, B. Wilson, and U. Lindqwister (1999), Assessment of global TEC mapping using a three-dimensional electron density model, Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 61(16), 1227-1236, 10.1016/s1364-6826(99)00053-x.
  53. Mannucci, A. J. et al., (1999), “GPS And Ionosphere”, W. Ross Stone (Editor), Review Of Radio Science (1996-1999), Wiley-IEEE Press, New York, ISBN: 978-0-7803-6003-7.
  54. Mannucci, A. J., B. D. Wilson, D. N. Yuan, C. H. Ho, U. J. Lindqwister, and T. F. Runge (1998), A global mapping technique for GPS-derived ionospheric total electron content measurements, Radio Science, 33(3), 565-582, 10.1029/97rs02707.
  55. Pi, X., A. J. Mannucci, U. J. Lindqwister, and C. M. Ho (1997), Monitoring of global ionospheric irregularities using the worldwide GPS network, Geophysical Research Letters, 24(18), 2283-2286, 10.1029/97gl02273.
Anthony J. Mannucci
4800 Oak Grove Dr.
Pasadena, CA 91109
Phone: 818.354.1699
Fax Number: 818.393.5115